Learning Difficulties

Learning Difficulties

In our clinic we use various neuropsychology and neurotherapy techniques for individuals with learning problems.

Information about the disorder:

Child With Learning DifficultiesLearning is the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, practice, or study, or by being taught. Learning is not a compulsory process; it is contextual. It does not happen all at once, but builds upon and is shaped by what we already know. Learning in humans usually occurs as part of education, schooling, training or personal development. It may be goal-oriented and may be aided by motivation. Biologically there are various forms of learning, including habituation, sensitisation, conditioning, associative learning, observational learning, imprinting etc.

According to Benjamin Bloom there are three domains of learning:

Cognitive – To recall, calculate, discuss, analyse, problem solve, etc.

Psychomotor – To dance, swim, ski, dive, drive a car, ride a bike, etc.

Affective – To like something or someone, love, appreciate, fear, hate, worship, etc.

However, these domains are not mutually exclusive. In most learning processes more than one domain is involved. The application of skill, knowledge or understanding to resolve a novel problem or situation occurs after the process of transfer of learning. This happens when certain conditions are fulfilled.

Learning difficulty is also referred to as learning disability or learning disorder. The condition involves several areas of functioning in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner, usually caused by an unknown factor or factors. While learning disability and learning disorder are often used interchangeably, they differ. Learning disability refers to significant learning problems in an academic area, while learning disorder is a clinical diagnosis when the individual meets certain criteria. The difference is in degree, frequency and intensity of reported symptoms and problems.

The types of learning disabilities include reading disability (dyslexia), mathematics disability (dyscalculia) and writing disability (dysgraphia). These individuals have trouble performing specific types of skills or completing tasks if left to figure things out by themselves or if taught in conventional ways. About one-third of children who have learning disabilities also have ADHD.

Learning disabilities tend to be life long, but with appropriate cognitive/academic interventions and technology assistance many can overcome the effects of their disability. Recent advances in neuroscience changed our understanding of how the brain works. Neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s natural, lifelong ability to change. Throughout life, the brain is able to form new connections and generate new brain cells in response to experience and learning. There are now increasing number of new methods introduced for the treatment of learning disabilities. In addition to various psychotherapies, the use of non-invasive technologies, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can help both adults and children with learning disabilities.